The Heiress (1949)


With Olivia de Havilland‘s passing this last Sunday, I decided it was high time to dust off one of my favorite of her films, The Heiress (1949). This film was kind of seminal for me, as the first time I saw it was right after a particularly painful breakup, so the theme of the young woman done wrong really resonated. The thing that made this film even better, however, was fact that the film is set in the 1850s, which makes this fairly modern twist on girl-done-wrong really work. And the stunning costumes, designed by Edith Head, don’t hurt, either.

Edith Head’s sketch for one of Catherine’s gowns.

One of Olivia de Havilland’s gowns from the film.

Olivia de Havilland would earn her second Best Actress Oscar playing Catherine Sloper, a plain, shy young woman who is the daughter of an incredibly wealthy and all-around asshole father, played by Ralph Richardson. She spends her days pretty much shit on by her father, who thinks she’s weak and simple-minded, and who is worried about those qualities making her vulnerable to fortune-seeking shitheel suitors who are just out to marry her for her money. So, Catherine, a burden to her father and burdened by her inheritance, spends her days embroidering and trying to be a loyal daughter to her jerkface dad while dreaming of the liberation of falling in love with someone who really understands her. Very soon, she comes of age and inherits a ridiculous amount of money from her mother’s estate.

Melanie Wilkes < Catherine Sloper

Enter Morris Townsend (Montgomery Clift), a handsome young swain, who appears to genuinely appreciate Catherine for who she is. Under his attention, she blossoms into a confident, beautiful woman, and the two fall in love. That is, until Dr. Sloper intervenes in his daughter’s love life and threatens to disinherit her from the rest of her massive fortune if the two marry, because he is 100% convinced that Townsend is only after his daughter’s money. Determined to pursue happiness, Catherine and Townsend make plans to elope, and she reveals to him that she will lose her fortune if they wed, but Townsend professes his love for her regardless. The plans for the elopement go forward, and Catherine packs her bags and waits for Townsend to whisk her away into marital happiness, but he never appears, because dun dun duuuun, he’s exactly the douchebag gold-digger her father warned her he was.

It’s right about here that I was expecting the film to wrap up, with some moralistic patriarchal bullshit about female virtue or whatever, but what happens next turned that trope on its ear. Catherine goes back to her father, colder, hardened, and sets about caring for him as he dies. She even dares him to disinherit her after admitting she still loves Townsend and, once Dr. Sloper is dead, she could freely pursue him and Daddy’s precious fortune would be squandered by the sentient bag of dicks that is Morris Townsend. Dr. Sloper does not disinherit her, though … He dies, leaving his massive fortune to her, and suddenly, Catherine is rich as fuck.

Years pass, and Catherine chooses to remain unmarried, working on her embroidery and waiting, knowing that she probably hasn’t seen the last of Townsend. Sure enough, he reappears in her life, dirt poor and full of protestations of love. Catherine, apparently swayed by his change of heart, agrees to recreate their failed elopement plans from years earlier. She asks him to meet her and they will run away and live happily ever after off of her giant pile of cash. As a promissory, she gives him a ruby button and tells him she will go with him when he returns that night…

Will they live happily ever after…?


But to find out how the entire film actually ends, I’d rather you just watch The Heiress and tell me what you think in the comments.


About the author

Sarah Lorraine

Sarah has an undergraduate degree in Clothing & Textile Design and a Master's in Art History and Visual Culture, with an emphasis on fashion history. When she’s not caught in paralyzing existential dread, she's drinking craft cocktails and writing about historical costume in film and television. She's been pissing people off on the internet since 1995.

17 Responses

  1. Mel (@estelsgirl)

    I’m pretty sure that first photo is a publicity still from Gone With The Wind. It’s Melanie’s barbecue dress.

    I’ve loved Olivia de Havilland for years, but only saw The Heiress a couple of years ago. It’s absolutely my favorite performance of hers. She’ll always be my favorite Marian and I’ll always love her as Melanie, but she blew me away as Catherine Sloper. Amazing woman and actress. I was very sad to hear she was gone.

    • Sarah Lorraine

      There’s supposed to be an accompanying photo of Catherine Sloper, for a side by side comparison… Guess it didn’t get uploaded. Trying to fix now.

      • Liz Healas

        Edith Head said that she made Catherine’s “pre-jilting” costumes deliberately ill-fitting to emphasize Catherine’s awkwardness and self-consciousness. By contrast, Catherine at the end of the film wears feminine, flattering gowns that she wears with confidence.

        The set of ruby buttons that Catherine had purchased for Morris as a pre-jilting gift was given to him when he returned to rub in how close he came to the jackpot. (Didn’t his face light up when he got a good look at them?) No fortune for you, Morris! But here’s your participation prize.

  2. Jean

    This is one of my absolute favorites!!! After I watch it I always read the book, Washington Square by Henry James. Both are excellent.

    • perditabohemia

      I love the book, so touching and full of psychological insight typical of the master Henry James. I haven’t seen the film (or the play), but I’ll have to get hold of it now, especially after reading that another big fan of the book likes it!

  3. Shashwat

    I had watched this movie on a particularly bad day,and my opinion was affected by it.However,after rewatching it yesterday,I was a lot more impressed by the movie and its theme.I would say it does a better job of depicting a strong,independent woman character than GWTW(ah,the classic bitch-et-la-bastard tale.I don’t see a shred of feminism in that heap of misogyny,but critical appreciation of that movie suggests otherwise).Olivia was luminous in this role.

  4. Katie Kingston

    I wish this one had been done in color just to see the costumes, but the black & white makes it even more dramatic. This is one of my favorite Olivia de Havilland roles. Basil Rathbone played Catherine’s father in the Broadway production. I always wondered what the movie would have been like with him instead of Ralph Richardson. I love her face at the end as she ascends the stairs. It always makes me want to yell “you go girl!” lol

  5. Rhonda Stannard

    Loved this movie enough to buy it and never get tired of watching it. Watching her transformation as the movie progresses is amazing.

  6. Nzie

    Oooh, sounds good! I’ll have to look for it. And the costumes look great. :-)

  7. Boxermom

    Embarrassed to say I’ve never seen it, but I quite liked the Carol Burnett version. :)

    • Heather

      Carol Bernett version? I’m not familiar with that skit on her show.
      I wonder if you are you confusing the green curtain/dress skit parodying GWTW perhaps @Boxermom?

      • Jamie LaMoreaux

        no, Carol Burnett did a LOT of classic movies. it was one of the things her show was famous for their parodies of old films. Also, as a film buff herself, she adored doing them.

        • Boxermom

          Thanks, Jamie! Loved her version of “Mildred Pierce”.

      • Boxermom

        Hi Heather, it was season 8, episode 21. Her version was called “The Lady Heir”. :)

        • Gabrielle

          I had no idea! I loved watching the Carol Burnett show. I just watched the clip. Amazing 😁

  8. Roxana.

    Poor Catherine. Seems to me she let two douchebag men make her just like them.

  9. M.E. Lawrence

    A final question: Has there ever been a Montgomery Clift MCM, or has he worn enough cravats and stiff collars to qualify?