TBT: The Joy Luck Club (1993)

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Thanks to inflight entertainment, I randomly decided to rewatch The Joy Luck Club, the shmaltzy yet touching adaptation of Amy Tan’s novel. The film focuses on four Chinese American women and their relationships with their mothers, and while the bulk of the film is set in the current day (1993), there are flashbacks to the “1960s” and 1930s-40s. It’s definitely a Take Your Mom and Grandmother to the Movies kind of movie — I haven’t read the original novel, and I wonder if it’s as shmaltzy as the film? But it’s also an interesting look at the cultural experiences of people who aren’t frequently seen on screen, and the flashbacks actually have some quite pretty costumes.

The main problem I have with the film is that while it does show China as having majorly repressive to the various main female characters, and while it is good that those women are shown to have personal agency and not just be victims of The Patriarchy, there isn’t enough historical context for the bits that are shown. The BIG mystery is one mother who abandoned two babies during some kind of war, but it’s totally unclear whether that’s the Sino-Japanese War, or World War II, or what. And without that historical context, it’s easy to disregard early- to mid-20th century China as just All Patriarchy, All the Time. I’m not saying it WASN’T, just, more context, please, for those of us (like me!) who really don’t know Chinese culture or history well.

The costumes were designed by Lydia Tanji, whose only other major screen credit is Thousand Pieces of Gold. (Okay, she’s done about 5 other films, but that’s it; it looks like she’s also done theater work). In an interview in A. Magazine, Tanji said:

“I really enjoyed doing the research, talking to the original Joy Luck Club members, including Amy Tan’s mother, and finding the traditional costumes. But it was a little painful during the production because the film was so low-budget and we couldn’t be as creative as we would have liked.” (“Designing Woman,” A. Magazine, Oct. 31, 1994)

The film was made in 1993, and yes, there are a lot of unfortunate shoulder pads:

The Joy Luck Club (1993)

But since our focus here at Frock Flicks is on historic costume, I’ll be focusing on the period bits. I’m not even going to talk about the “1960s” bits, because, as you may guess by all these quotes, nobody particularly looks like they’re dressed in that period. Various ’60s girl-group songs in the background are really your only clue. Although I will say that I TOTALLY had this dress when I was about 8:

The Joy Luck Club (1993)

Revel in the polyester and nylon lace!

The Joy Luck Club (1993)

If I weren’t currently in France, I would dredge out a photo of me wearing something WAY too similar. I LOVED THAT DRESS.

The flashback scenes are primarily to the 1930s — and maybe 1940s? I’m not sure! The problem is I don’t know much about the history of Chinese fashion, so when I see women wearing qipao/cheongsams, all I know is post-1925, pre-Cultural Revolution. That being said, the Chinese costumes were REALLY quite pretty, particularly Lindo (Irene Ng)’s amaze-balls wedding ensemble that had the extra pop of an amazing reveal:

The Joy Luck Club (1993)

Most of the rest of the time, the flashback scenes show women wearing the qipao/cheongsam. You do see a nice class range, from really dirt poor to money money money, and particularly the costumes for the wealthy have some great details:

The Joy Luck Club (1993) The Joy Luck Club (1993) The Joy Luck Club (1993)

Many of the well-off characters wear Western dress, and here’s where I can definitely give an informed series of mad-props to the costume designer for some VERY chic 1930s looks!

The Joy Luck Club (1993) The Joy Luck Club (1993) The Joy Luck Club (1993) The Joy Luck Club (1993) The Joy Luck Club (1993) The Joy Luck Club (1993) The Joy Luck Club (1993) The Joy Luck Club (1993) The Joy Luck Club (1993) The Joy Luck Club (1993)

In the end, if you haven’t seen the film, I certainly recommend it (although be ready for the overly-sentimental and the unexplained-relationships and the no-context-tragedy). If you’ve already seen it, it’s probably not worth another whirl unless you loved it the first time. That being said, it helped me pass 2 hours on a long flight and I wasn’t bored, so, YMMV!

 

Do you remember The Joy Luck Club? Are you a lover, hater, or meh-er?

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About the author

Kendra

Website

Kendra has been a fixture in the online costuming world since the late 1990s. Her website, Démodé Couture, is one of the most well-known online resources for historical costumers. In the summer of 2014, she published a book on 18th-century wig and hair styling. Kendra is a librarian at a university, specializing in history and fashion. She’s also an academic, with several articles on fashion history published in research journals.

10 Responses

  1. Susan Pola Staples

    The Chinese Costumes look maybe 1930s but I’m basing it in the Western style clothing. And I agree the wedding dress is totally amazeballs.

    Also I seem to remember that the war was WWII and Japan’s incursion into China (Rape of Nanking et all).

    Have beaucoup of fun in Marie Antoinette-land.

    Reply
  2. Saraquill

    Read the book several times and saw the stage adaptation twice, both a while ago. The book alludes to war with the Japanese, but doesn’t go into detail with with political background in early 20th century China, which gets complicated. And gruesome.

    In terms of costume movies featuring early 20th century China, I recommend “Farewell My Concubine” and “Lust, Caution.” I don’t remember the clothing in “Raise the Red Lantern” but the colors are gorgeous.

    Reply
  3. anarkali4ever

    i second Saraquill! ” Farewell my Concubine” and “Lust, Caution” , not only for the beautiful costuming but the storylines are super interesting and stirred up a bit of controversy. Make sure you get NC-17 version of “Lust, Caution” for all the juicy bits!

    Reply
  4. LadySlippers

    I remember reading the book and watching the movie — beyond that — nothing. Lol

    Asia has some very interesting history and I read/watched this before living in Asia so it may be more meaningful now that I’m a lot more aware of Asian culture.

    Reply
  5. Trystan L. Bass

    I should see the movie — Amy Tan’s books are pretty much required reading for Asian-American women, so my mom, aunt, & I have gobbled them all up & discussed them at length! Also, Tan is a SF Bay Area native & went to SJSU!

    Reply
  6. mehkko

    There are some beautiful costumes! However, a couple historical notes I want to make: the Cultural Revolution started in 1966, whereas the Chinese Communist Party began ruling in 1949, which is when the qipao would have stopped being worn by most women on a regular basis. In addition, the war a woman likely lost her children in is the second Sino-Japanese war, which occurred mainly during the same time frame as WWII. It’s possible, however, that family tragedy could also have occurred during the civil war between the KMT and CCP.

    Reply
  7. Caroline

    If anybody is interested in learning more about the changes in Chinese clothing over time, I recommend the gorgeously-illustrated Chinese Dress from the Qing Dynasty to the Present by Valery Garret or Changing Clothes in China by Antonia Finnane.

    Reply
  8. Betty

    Still one of my very favorite movies and yes, the wedding headdress was everything.

    Reply
  9. Madame Desaix

    Haven’t seen this movie but the wedding headgear reminds me a lot of the kind of headgear traditionally used by the Miao women (perhaps the most beautiful in all the Chinese ethnic minorities)

    Reply

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