In our podcast for the first two episodes of the Starz series Outlander (listen here), we recommended the following resources if you want more info on the historical fashions of the 1740s in Scotland and the issue of hygiene in the 18th century…
- Times of the Day: Night, 1720s. by William Hogarth – English lower-class men and women, chamber pot being emptied into the street.
- Portrait of an Old Lady, possibly Margaret Gordon, Mrs. Alexander Duff of Braco, 1736, by John Alexander – Middling-class Scotswoman.
- Strolling Actresses Dressing in a Barn, 1738, by William Hogarth – English lower-class women showing undergarments, also a chamber pot (next to a crown!) in lower-left corner.
- Southwark Fair, 1733, by William Hogarth – English lower- and middling-class men.
- A Rake’s Progress, Plate 4: Arrested For Debt, 1735, by William Hogarth – English middling-class woman, very much like a younger Mrs. Fitz.
- Rakes Progress, Plate 3: The Tavern Scene, 1735, by William Hogarth – English lower-class woman (probably a prostitute) getting dressed and her stays on the floor.
- Lord Lewis Gordon, 1738, by John Alexander – Upper-class Scotsman and Jacobite officer.
- John Drummond, 4th titular Duke of Perth, 1739, by Domenico Dupra – Upper-class Scotsman and Jacobite officer.
- Anne Bayne, Mrs. Allan Ramsay, 1739, by Allan Ramsay – Middling-class Scottish woman.
- Charles Campbell of Lochlane, sometime before 1745, unknown artist – Middling-class Scotsman.
- Flora Macdonald, 1747, by Richard Wilson – Lower- to middling-class Scotswoman and Jacobite heroine.
- Sir James Macdonald and Sir Alexander Macdonald, 1749, Attributed to William Mosman – Upper-class Scotsmen (boys).
- John Campbell of the Bank, 1749, by William Mosman – Middling-class Scotsman and Jacobite.
- Thomas Ruddiman, 1749, by William Denune – Middling-class Scotsman and Jacobite.
- Anne Smith, Mrs. Thomas Ruddiman, 1749, by William Denune – Middling-class Scotswoman.
- The Times, Plate 1, 1762, by William Hogarth – English lower-class men and women, plus a Scotsman in foreground.
Research Articles and Books:
- “Rediscovering the Arisaid,” by Anita Quye and Hugh Cheape, Costume, Volume 42 Issue 1 (01 June 2008), pp. 1-20. Available for purchase online or at libraries with scholarly journal collections.
- The Age of Comfort: When Paris Discovered Casual — and the Modern Home Began, by Joan DeJean, 2009.
- Tartan: The Highland Habit, by Hugh Cheape, 2006.
We hope these are useful in your exploration of the period and enjoyment of this series! If you have your own resources related to the topics covered in this podcast, feel free to share them.