Lord Have Mercy Street (2016)

35

I wish I was a U.S. Civil War historian or at least a Civil War reenactor so I could get really riled up and angry about PBS Masterpiece’s latest historical costume drama Mercy Street (2016). But as more of a generalist, and this production being not horrible, yet not by any means great, the most I can work up is a big fat MEH. The costumes are overall accurately done, and it appears that some money was thrown at the miniseries. We don’t see egregious errors of hair, makeup, materials, or silhouette that will quickly date it as so very 2010s. What shows its age is a script that’s riddled with modern cliches, melodrama, and an amazingly squishy bending-over-backwards attempt to show everyone involved in the Civil War as nuanced and complicated and principled that results in no one character in the show being at all interesting or believable.

Let’s being with the cliches characters:

  • Mary Phinney — the wealthy, widowed, volunteer nurse, who’s also an New England abolitionist (that’s at least 3 cliches).
  • Dr. Jedediah Foster — the unhappily married, drug-addicted doctor who knows cutting-edge medical techniques and considers all wounded men equal, Union or Confederate, but is just fine with slavery (5 cliches)
  • Anne Hastings — bossy know-it-all nurse who worked with Florence Nightingale and thinks Phinney is useless amateur, and Hastings is shagging the second doctor (3 cliches)
  • Samuel Diggs — the free black laborer at the hospital who was trained in medicine by his former employer and is in love with a female escaped slave who works in the hospital laundry and is getting raped by a sadistic white man (3+ cliches)
  • Emma Green — the Southern Belle daughter of the family who owns the hotel that’s turned into the Union hospital, she beings nursing the wounded (2 cliches, but I’m sure she’ll pile on more as the story proceeds)
  • James Green, Sr. — the Southern patriarch whose property is being used by Union soldiers, while he’s also making back-handed deals to the Yankees, plus his woodworking factory employs free black men, not slaves, because he’s just that enlightened (3 cliches)

That’s just the tip of the iceberg. The subordinate characters are just as much stock figures, nothing original or new, and their storylines are awfully predictable. Now, I’ve watched The Crimson Field and ANZAC Girls recently, and both of those miniseries about WWI nurses had some of the typical ‘women in wartime’ storylines such as the experienced nurse vs. the inexperienced one, class issues between women, and, of course, romance. But those two serials primarily had women as the protagonists, which I found more interesting (that’s how we roll around here), and neither of those shows felt like they were forcing a politically correct angle down my throat.

Mercy Street (2016)

See, one problem with American Civil War dramas is that everyone wants to rewrite history for their own biases. That always happens with history, but we’re still pretty prickly about that little war between the states, what with slavery and entrenched racism and all (go look up #BlackLivesMatter if you think the issues started back with the secession aren’t lingering in the U.S. now). As a born Southerner who’s lived most of her life in the ultra-liberal San Francisco Bay Area, I have a deep understanding of white liberal guilt, and that’s what I sense oozing out of every scene of Mercy Street. The main two female characters are the least interesting because they solely exist as PC spokespeople. Mary Phinney is the Lefty who stridently tries to make everything better but has a thing or two to learn about how the Real World Works. Meanwhile, naive Emma Green is the nice little Conservative who pipes up with the voice of reason, even though she’s otherwise ineffectual and actually gets in the way. Tedious. I can’t work up enough interest in or empathy for these characters because they’re not real people — they’re just props to hang a Trite Yet Very Important Lesson on.

That said, Mercy Street passes the Bechdel test more easily than Crimson Field and ANZAC, since Finney, Green, and Hastings have pretty much no conversations about men and romance. Well, they do talk about men, but it’s just wounded soldiers, so I don’t think that counts. So yay for women who are more than mere sex objects, but boo for self-actualized AND non-boring women characters.

Mercy Street (2016)

The Costumes in Mercy Street

Designer Amy Andrews Harrell has been on the costume and wardrobe staff for historical productions such as Lincoln (2012), John Adams (2008), and Cold Mountain (2003). A selection of her costume sketches, sometimes with historical inspirations and fabric swatches, are featured on the PBS website. The overall look is generally right for the 1860s. This isn’t the 1930s with princess-seams and pointy boobs or some cheapo poly-baroque satin deal. Corsets and crinolines appear to be worn where appropriate, and there’s no shortage of hairpins on the ladies here.

The issues with Mercy Street‘s costumes are more subtle. Color choice and use are a little bit off for the era, and trims aren’t always quite right. Thankfully, this is most apparent in characters we see least of: the upper-class Southern ladies, matriarch Jane Green and youngest daughter Alice Green. They get the most ostentatious outfits, and when you go big, that’s when you have the most opportunity to go wrong. It’s just the risk you take. For comparison, Frock Flicks reader Sarah Wagner posted her very helpful Pinterest board of 1860s women’s day dresses full of museum extant gowns and period photos.

Mercy Street (2016)

Blouse & skirt combos were done, but this costume for Jane Green is not showing such a thing. It’s a different bodice with a non-matching skirt. That’s not terribly accurate. Far more common would be a matching bodice & skirt as a gown (which is what the historical photo shows).

Mercy Street (2016)

Another gown of Mrs. Green’s. The blue velvet collar is an interesting interpretation of that photo.

Mercy Street (2016)

This blue dress for Jane Green is fine, but how does this relate to the historical photo other than basic silhouette?

Some of the things worn by Emma’s impetuous younger sister, Alice, have caused a bit of controversy online.

Mercy Street (2016)

The blouse may have a period inspiration, but I’m not convinced it would be Barbie-pink.

White 1860s blouse, Metropolitan Museum of Art

White 1860s blouse, Metropolitan Museum of Art.

Black ruffled waist, Godey's Lady's Book, August 1863

Black ruffled waist, Godey’s Lady’s Book, August 1863

Mercy Street (2016)

Our friends at Reenacting Memes for Ladies were not impressed by Alice’s choice of accessories.

I’m not saying the critiques are wrong, but women did wear a big ol’ lacey collars / berthas / capes in this period. The one in Mercy Street may not be the best recreation, but the floral lace is reminiscent of patterns in Godey’s Lady’s Book, which was the most popular magazine for American women in the 19th century.

Collars in Godey's Lady's Book, 1862

Collars in Godey’s Lady’s Book, 1862

Emma Green’s costumes are to a higher standard overall, which is good since she gets more screen time. As the wide-eyed innocent, she starts out in a frothy white gown, then turns to more practical calicos.

Mercy Street (2016)

Emma gives some full-on Southern belle cupcake action.

Godey's Lady's Book 1863

This fashion plate from Godey’s Lady’s Book 1863 is a similar design to Emma’s white gown.

Mercy Street (2016)

But then Emma gets down with the people (and gets a talking to by Pops).

Mercy Street (2016)

At the hospital, Emma chats up Dr. Foster’s bitchy wife Eliza — who’s wearing a smart plaid number. Note Eliza’s lovely crimped hair and ribbonwork net covering the back of her head.

1860s card de visite

1860s card de visite — that cap oversleeve shape was common; it’s on Emma’s print gown, although the bodice and skirt on Emma’s gown would more likely match.

Mary Phinney and Anne Hastings get mostly practical clothes, and that works. These two are almost always in the hospital, so they don’t wear crinolines, just petticoats. Phinney re-wears the same gown a lot — I guess because she just arrived with one little carpetbag — and Hastings has several very tailored and crisp gowns — probably because she’s English and supposed to be oh-so-proper and uptight.

Mercy Street (2016)

Phinney wears this historically appropriate plaid dress through the first 2 episodes.

Clara Barton, 1866, pioneering American Civil War nurse.

Clara Barton, 1866, pioneering American Civil War nurse. Why isn’t she referenced instead of the British Florence Nightingale?

Mercy Street (2016)

This dress that Anne Hastings wears may be the most historically accurate costume in the entire series. The shape, the color combination, the trim, it’s so right!

There’s a grand ball scene later in the series where everybody dresses up, however, and I fear that’s going to turn out the fugly. The advance stills make me question the taste level.

Mercy Street (2016)

Emma’s ballgown — No clue how that historical image relates to the costume other than hoopskirts. The costume’s fabric is fine for the era, but the stomacher thing looks odd.

Mercy Street (2016)

Mary Phinney gets this ball gown. Yes, the straight neckline was done in the period, but the fit is off. Looking at similar museum pieces, there appear to be more darts in the originals that make the style look more graceful.

Mercy Street (2016)

Weird trim on Mrs. Green’s ballgown bodice. Plausibly period, but not typical.

For comparison, here’s some historical images … similar or no?

Godey's Lady's Book, August 1860

Godey’s Lady’s Book, August 1860

Godey's Lady's Book, September 1863

Godey’s Lady’s Book, September 1863

I wish Mercy Street had more fully-realized characters and less pat storylines. I’d be less tempted to nitpick the costumes if I gave a shit about these people and what happened to them. But halfway in, watching feels like a chore (one I’m doing to write this blog post, frankly), and I don’t know that I’ll do more than TiVo and fast-forward through the rest on bored night. It’s not even bad enough to hate-watch and snark. Meh, I say, meh.

 

Do you have more or less mercy for Mercy Street?

 

 

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About the author

Trystan L. Bass

Twitter Website

A self-described ElderGoth, Trystan has been haunting the internet since the early 1990s. Always passionate about costume, from everyday office wear to outrageous twisted historical creations, she has maintained some of the earliest online costuming-focused resources on the web. When she’s not dressing up in costumes, she can be found traveling the world with her sweetie and, occasionally, Kendra and Sarah. Her costuming and travel adventures are chronicled on her website, TrystanCraft. She also maintains a popular fashion blog, This Is CorpGoth, dedicated to her “office drag.”

35 Responses

  1. Stephani

    Meh, indeed. I haven’t been able to make myself watch ep 3 yet because I just. don’t. care. And it’s not even that I’m not particularly interested in the Civil War or that I got a bellyful of CW history growing up in Alexandria alongside the Colonial/Rev War history. The show so far is like a bowl of porridge. Unflavored porridge. Filling and healthy, but ultimately unsatisfying and tends to sit in the belly like a lump of cement.

    Reply
  2. ladylavinia1932

    Clara Barton, 1866, pioneering American Civil War nurse. Why isn’t she referenced instead of the British Florence Nightingale?

    Because to do so would be historically incorrect. Clara Barton was not a household name in 1861.

    Reply
    • Trystan L. Bass

      For some reason, I thot the show as set in 1864 (tho’ I can’t find the date on the PBS website right now), & while Barton wasn’t a household name, she held an official position by then. Anyway, it would have been a good way to introduce more American history into the show, which is one of the purported aims of the series, according to various interviews w/the showrunners.

      Reply
      • Kaye Dacus

        It’s set in early 1862—which is why they’re still talking about the war being over in a few months. Dorothea Dix was in the first episode—she’s the one who sent Mary to this particular hospital as her “representative” and head nurse.

        Reply
    • Toni

      Dorothea Dix, then perhaps? Although, judging y the pictures above, none of the 3 nurses would have met her guidelines–between the ages of 35 and 50, and plain in appearance, brown or black gowns, no hoops, no jewelry or cosmetics

      Reply
  3. Maureen

    I made it through episode one and haven’t gone back. I agree with your analysis both of the costumes and the characters. I think the problem is, it’s hard to write a character or play a character who is a good guy, but casually racist as is correct for the period. So you’re left with the evil bad guy, the odious and annoying bad guy or a bunch of good guys who are missing a dimension that would make them truly interesting. (If you see what I mean.)

    Reply
    • Trystan L. Bass

      I’d like to see a good writer — say, Aaron Sorkin level (not him, but just throwing out a name who does some of my fave TV character work, tho’ sadly not the best female characters) — take on Civil War drama. The cliches & stock characters are killing me.

      Reply
  4. Kelly

    “At the hospital, Emma chats up Dr. Foster’s bitchy wife Eliza — who’s wearing a smart plaid number. Note Eliza’s lovely crimped hair and ribbonwork net covering the back of her head.”

    That’s actually Alice Green, Emma’s younger sister. I was so thrilled to see her in something other than the Pink Monstrosity. The plaid seemed to be designed rather well and I jumped for joy when I saw that lovely ribbonwork net.

    Reply
  5. Sharon F

    On the “card de visits, doesn’t her skirt look pleated rather than gathered? I like how it looks, and it probably affects how the fabric moves.

    Reply
    • Trystan L. Bass

      When you’ve watched as many historical costume movies & TV shows as we do around here, you save hideous for Snark Week ;-) Honestly, the costume critiques of this show are really nitpicks about very small issues. It doesn’t give an overall WRONG impression of the 1860s. The silhouette is correct, the fabrics are correct, the hair is (mostly) up & in the right shape. We’ve seen far, far worse for this period.

      Reply
      • Jennifer McCardell Green

        Bur neither the silhouette or fabrics are correct for the era. Nuances in dress and typical construction shapes are completely ignored.

        And I’ll just say, since people not in the 1860s research community may not know, but K is one of the top experts in the field. If she says atrocious, you better believe it is. Now, she will beat me with a wet snood for outing her. :)

        Reply
  6. Karen Hayes

    As a history lover who has lived in Alexandria for 25 years, I looked forward to this series for months, but I have to agree, it’s pretty blah. I’ll watch it to the end but not re-watch. Ep3 spoiler (you’ll thank me)–fast-forward through a stomach-churning leg amputation (I checked out altogether) or you may be unable to concentrate on the costumes. To Toni: the opening scenes feature “Dragon” Dix interviewing Mary Phinney before she assigns her to the hospital. Big thanks to FF for an (often hilarious) education in film costuming. I now closely examine trims and tucks, pleats and embroidery, etc. (Downton, W&P) which might previously have gone unnoticed.

    Reply
  7. mishkagora

    As an historian of the South for the era in question, I was looking forward to eventually seeing this, but now I’m considering giving it a miss entirely.

    Reply
  8. Ken Giorlando

    I can (mostly) over-look the clothing if the story is well-written. But you were spot on in Mercy Street’s cliches. When so many historical dramas shown on PBS are so very popular (and done very well indeed for history’s sake) one would think PBS would have gotten it right.
    So much potential, and yet…*sigh*…
    Not that it’s perfect, but I’ll return to “Turn” on AMC.

    Reply
  9. Joanne Renaud

    Call me crazy, but I liked it more than I thought I would (I just watched the pilot for the hell of it). It seemed very… trope-y, but fairly well cobbled together, and I liked the production values, especially with the street scenes and all the extras. I usually avoid anything set during the Civil War, so possibly I’m not as burned out on things set during that period as maybe Trystan is. Also, the 1860s is not my period, so I’m not going to notice all the goofy costuming stuff (as I would in War & Peace, which I am avoiding like the plague). It seems fine to me, though the Barbie pink polyester lace number made me cringe a bit. But correct silhouette, hair pinned up, right underpinnings– that’s all good. The white dress was especially nice, and I love seeing hair done up for once. (I am SO TIRED of seeing the Game of Thrones style side-pieces-of-hair-braided-back-and-the-rest-flowing-free pin-free hairstyle that’s everywhere now in Costumelandia. Blah.)

    But yeah. Mainly I enjoyed watching an American period piece without the Usual Cast of British Actors Who Are In Everything. I especially enjoyed seeing Ramona Flowers and Ted Mosby and Barry Bostwick in a costume drama. I found it refreshing. I’ll continue watching, because why not. It might disappoint me later on, but as long as I’m moderately entertained (with lots of eye candy), I’m easy.

    Reply
  10. Amanda

    As someone who is willing to read or watch virtually anything involving Civil War nurses, I’m definitely disappointed in the writing on this show. I’m not sure I’d characterize it as forcing a politically correct angle, but it’s certainly afraid to show casual racism in characters it wants you to empathize with. Difficult, greyish morality is pretty necessary if you want to make any meaningful fiction about the time period. So I wouldn’t want them to ignore race, but I would like them to be less awkward about it (I wonder whether all of the writers are white?).This latest episode spent some more time with the Black characters, at least.

    I think the show would really benefit from more dynamic cinematography in addition to less awkward costuming. But I’m impressed with their willingness to use ugly hairstyles (and awful relatively accurate accessories, especially on the less sympathetic characters).

    Reply
  11. Sheila

    Ummm, the last Godey’s Lady’s Book plate caption should be changed to 1863. Not 1963. You’re makin’ me feel old!

    Otherwise, I enjoyed the critique and all of the examples of accurate period gowns. I have to say we watched the last episode of M.S. on vacation and can’t remember how it ended. I guess that says something….

    Reply
  12. drush76

    But yeah. Mainly I enjoyed watching an American period piece without the Usual Cast of British Actors Who Are In Everything.

    I am getting weary of seeing British performers dominate American movies and television.

    Why are people so afraid of political correctness? It’s become something of a bad term. Many seemed to act that our society’s take on American History before the late 20th century is more easier to swallow or should be considered the more accurate history.

    Reply
  13. ladylavinia1932

    I’ve already completed Episode 2 of this production. It’s pretty damn good so far. It’s like watching a 19th century version of MASH, but with a little more melodrama.

    Reply
  14. Ken Giorlando

    Well…after I slammed it I gave it another watch. Actually, I found the series on Blue Ray pretty cheap and bought it. Hey – – it’s period, right?
    So, guess what? The further I got into the show, the better the story became. By the time I watched the 4th episode, I was hooked. The 5th and 6th were excellent.
    I hope it returns next year.

    Reply
  15. Christy

    Well, I’m late to the party! Lord have mercy, indeed. I watched the first season religiously, but I didn’t even make it through the first episode of Season 2. As a native South Carolinian (die-hard bleeding heart liberal, though) the “honey chile, hush yo’ mouth” Southern accents kill me.
    I also may have stopped watching as soon as I saw that the nasty Silas survived. I have no idea if he made it through the entire second season, but that first episode was more than enough for me.

    Reply

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